Sound levels refer to the measurement of the intensity or volume of sound. Sound levels are measured in decibels (dB), which is a logarithmic unit of measurement that compares the sound pressure level to a reference level. The reference level for sound pressure is typically set at 20 micropascals, which is the threshold of human hearing.
Sound levels are typically categorized into different ranges based on their intensity. For example, sounds that are below 20 dB are considered to be very quiet, while sounds above 140 dB are generally considered to be very loud and can cause damage to hearing.
Professional studio equipment sound levels are calibrated to be much more precise than home studio equipment sound levels. Professional studios typically have dedicated acoustic treatments, which help to reduce unwanted noise and create a controlled listening environment. In addition, professional studio equipment is generally more expensive and is designed to provide a high level of accuracy and detail in sound reproduction. Professional studio equipment is usually calibrated to a sound pressure level (SPL) of 85 dB.
Home studio equipment, on the other hand, is typically less expensive and may not be calibrated as precisely as professional studio equipment. Home studios may also have less effective acoustic treatments, which can lead to unwanted noise and distortion in recordings. As a result, home studio equipment is usually calibrated to a lower sound pressure level, typically around 75 dB.
When recording on one type of studio and playing it back on the other type of studio, there may be differences in the sound quality and accuracy of the recording. For example, a recording made in a professional studio may sound more detailed and accurate when played back on a similar system, while a recording made in a home studio may have more distortion or noise when played back on a professional system. This is because the different calibration levels of the studios can impact the sound quality of the recording.
It is important to understand sound levels and how they are calibrated in order to ensure accurate and high-quality sound recordings, regardless of the type of studio used. When recording in one studio and playing back in another, it is important to understand the calibration levels of both studios to make any necessary adjustments to ensure the highest quality sound recording possible.
When you set the level to 0dB in either professional or home studio equipment, you are setting the maximum level of the recording. However, when recording in a home studio and playing back on a professional system, the sound quality may not be as clear due to the lower calibration level of the home studio equipment, and the sound may be distorted or noisy. In contrast, when recording in a professional studio and playing back on home studio equipment, the sound quality may be too high due to the higher calibration level of the professional studio equipment, and the sound may be too quiet or require adjustments to prevent distortion.
To ensure the best sound quality, it is important to adjust the recording levels based on the specific equipment being used, and to pay attention to the calibration levels of both the recording and playback equipment. This will help to ensure that the sound is accurate and clear, regardless of the type of equipment used.